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  • Arts
    ADA3M DRAMATIC ARTS – Grade 11

    This course requires students to create and to perform dramatic presentations. Students will analyze, interpret, and perform works of drama from various cultures, including Western plays from around 1900. Students will also do research on different acting styles and conventions for their presentations, create original works, and analyze the functions of playwright, director, actor, producer, designer, technician, and audience.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Dramatic Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open
  • Arts
    ADA4M DRAMA – Grade 12

    This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods.
    Students will interpret dramatic literature and other texts and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance
    of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
  • Music
    AMI3M INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC - BAND – Grade 11

    This course provides students with opportunities to develop their musical literacy through the creation, appreciation, analysis and performance of music, including traditional, commercial and art music. Students will apply the creative process when performing appropriate technical exercises and repertoire and will employ the critical analysis process when reflecting on, responding to, and analyzing live and recorded performances. Students will consider the function of music in society and the impact of music on individuals and communities. They will explore how to apply skills developed in music to their life and careers.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Music, Grade 9 or 10
  • Music
    AMI4M INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC – BAND – Grade 12

    This course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and performance of music from the romantic period and the twentieth century, including art music, jazz, popular music, and Canadian and non-Western music. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and the ability to work independently. They will also complete complex creative projects. This course focuses on the performance of instrumental music repertoire.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Music, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
  • Music
    AMV3M MUSIC VOCAL/CHORAL – Grade 11

    This course in Vocal Music will provide students with the opportunity to learn to further refine their vocal music skills. Students will also have the opportunity to learn challenging, repertoire as they continue their study of music theory, history and analysis. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and the ability to work independently. They will also complete complex creative projects.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Music, Grade 9 or 10
  • Music
    AMV4M MUSIC VOCAL/CHORAL – Grade 12

    This course in Vocal Music will provide students with the opportunity to learn to further refine their vocal music skills. Students will also have the opportunity to learn challenging, repertoire as they continue their study of music theory, history and analysis. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and the ability to work independently. They will also complete complex creative projects.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Music, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
  • Arts
    AVI1O VISUAL ARTS – Grade 9

    This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Arts
    AVI3M VISUAL ARTS – Grade 11

    This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics and information design).

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10
  • Arts
    AVI4M VISUAL ARTS – Grade 12

    This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
  • Arts
    AWD4M VISUAL ARTS – APPLIED DESIGN – Grade 12

    This course focuses on the refinement of students’ skills and knowledge in visual arts. Students will analyse art forms; use theories of art in analyzing and producing art; and increase their understanding of stylistic changes in modern and contemporary Western art, Canadian (including Native Canadian) art, and art forms from various parts of the world. Students will produce a body of work demonstrating a personal approach. This course has a strong focus on studio work and a strong portfolio.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College
  • Business Education
    BAF3M FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING FUNDAMENTALS – Grade 11

    This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and ethics and current issues in accounting.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    BAT4M FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES – Grade 12

    This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students’ knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduces accounting for partnerships and corporations.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
  • Business Education
    BBB4M INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS – Grade 12

    This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. The course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    BBI1O Introduction to Business – Grade 9

    This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    BMI3C MARKETING: GOODS, SERVICES, EVENTS – Grade 11

    This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    BOH4M BUSINESS LEADERSHIP MANAGEMENT FUNDAMENTALS – Grade 12

    This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyse the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    BTT2O INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUSINESS – Grade 10

    This course introduces students to information and communication technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop work processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout out the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CGC1P GEOGRAPHY OF CANADA – Grade 9

    This course focuses on geographic issues that affect Canadians today. Students will draw on personal and everyday experiences as they learn about Canada’s distinct and changing character and the natural and human systems and global influences that shape the country. Students will use a variety of geo technologies and inquiry and communication methods to examine practical geographic questions and communicate their findings.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CGR4M THE ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT – Grade 12

    This course investigates the complexity and fragility of ecosystems and the pressures human activities place on them. Students will examine ecological processes, the principles of sustainability, and strategies for resource management, with a focus on the challenges of environmental degradation and resource depletion. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry to explain and evaluate various approaches to achieving a more sustainable relationship between people and their environment.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CGW4U CANADIAN AND WORLD ISSUES: A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS – Grade 12

    This course examines the global challenges of creating a sustainable and equitable future, focusing on current issues that illustrate these challenges. Students will investigate a range of topics, including cultural, economics, and geopolitical relationships, regional disparities in the ability to meet basic human needs, and protection of the natural environment. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry and analysis to develop and communicate balanced opinions about the complex issues facing Canada and a world that is interdependent and constantly changing.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CHC2P CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE WORLD WAR I – Grade 10

    This course explores some of the pivotal events and experiences that have influenced the development of Canada’s identity as a nation from World War I to the present. By examining how the country has responded to economic, social, and technological changes and how individuals and groups have contributed to Canadian culture and society during this period, students will develop their ability to make connections between historical and current events. Students will have opportunities to formulate questions, locate information, develop informed opinions, and present ideas about the central issues and events of the period.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Career Studies
    CHV2O CIVICS – Grade 10

    This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes and Canada. They will explore their own and others’ ideas about civics questions and learn how to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to them.

    • 55 hours
    • 0.5 Credits
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CHY4U WORLD HISTORY: THE WEST & THE WORLD – Grade 12

    This course investigates the major trends in Western civilization and world history from the sixteenth century to the present. Students will learn about the interaction between the emerging West and other regions of the world and about the development of modern social, political, and economic systems. They will use critical-thinking and communication skills to investigate the historical roots of contemporary issues and present their conclusions. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Business Education
    CIA4U ANALYSING CURRENT ECONOMIC ISSUES – Grade 12

    This course investigates the nature of the competitive global economy and explores how individuals and societies can gain the information they need to make appropriate economic decisions. Students will learn about the principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics, apply economic models and concepts to interpret economic information, assess the validity of statistics, and investigate marketplace dynamics. Students will use economic inquiry and communication skills to analyze current economic issues, make informed judgments, and present their findings.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any University or University/College preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities
  • Business Education
    CIE3M THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE ECONOMY – Grade 11

    This course examines the changing Canadian economy and helps students develop an understanding of their own role as economic agents. Students will apply economic models and concepts to assess the roles of the various stakeholders in the Canadian economy and analyze the interactions among them. Students will consider the economic behaviour of the individual as consumer, contributor, and citizen in a mixed economic inquiry, critical thinking, and communication skills to make and defend informed economic decisions.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Canadian History Since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
  • Canadian and World Studies
    CLN4U CANADIAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW – Grade 12

    This course examines elements of Canadian and international law in social, political, and global contexts. Students will study the historical and philosophical sources of law and the principals and practices of international law and will learn to relate them to issues in Canadian society and the wider world. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to analyse legal issues, conduct independent research, and present the results of their inquiries in a variety of ways.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
  • Cooperative Education
    DCO3O COOPERATIVE EDUCATION – Grade 11

    This course consists of a learning experience connected to a community and a cooperative education curriculum focused on developing skills, knowledge, and habits of mind that will support students in their learning, including their education and career/life planning, at school and beyond, today and in the future. Within the context of their experience connected to a community, students will apply skills, knowledge, and habits of mind that will protect and promote their health, safety, and well-being and that will strengthen their inquiry, decision-making, and leadership skills. Students will create and implement a learning plan that meets their particular interests and needs, reflect on their learning, and make connections between their experience in the community and other aspects of their lives.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 or 2 Credit
  • English
    EMS3O MEDIA STUDIES – Grade 11

    This course emphasizes knowledge and skills that will enable students to understand media communication in the twenty-first century and to use media effectively and responsibly. Through analyzing the forms and messages of a variety of media works and audience responses to them, and through creating their own media works, students will develop critical thinking skills, aesthetic and ethical judgment, and skills in viewing, representing, listening, speaking, reading, and writing.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
  • English
    ENG1D ENGLISH – Grade 9

    This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyze literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • English
    ENG2D ENGLISH – Grade 10

    This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyze literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
  • English
    ENG3C ENGLISH – Grade 11

    This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will study the content, form, and style form a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from Canada and other countries, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 college preparation course.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 10, Applied
  • English
    ENG3U ENGLISH – Grade 11

    This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze challenging texts from various periods, countries and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 10, Academic
  • English
    ENG4C ENGLISH – Grade 12

    This course emphasizes consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from various countries and cultures, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for college or the workplace.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 11, College Preparation
  • English
    ENG4U ENGLISH – Grade 12

    This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures: interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts: and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college or the workplace.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • English
    EWC4U THE WRITER’S CRAFT – Grade 12

    This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyze models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    English, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • Languages
    FSF1PO CORE FRENCH – Grade 9

    This course emphasizes the concurrent development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills, using a broad-based theme such as the media. Students will enhance their ability to understand and speak French through conversations, discussions, and presentations. They will also read short stories, articles, poems, and songs, and write brief descriptions, letters, dialogues, and invitations.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Career Studies
    GLC2O CAREER STUDIES – Grade 10

    The course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals in education and work and contribute to their communities. Student learning will include assessing their own knowledge, skills, and characteristics and investigating economic trends, workplace organization, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning options, prepares students for community-based learning, and helps them build the capabilities needed for managing work and life transitions. Students will design action plans for pursuing their goals.

    • 55 hours
    • 0.5 Credits
  • Career Studies
    GLS1O LEARNING STRATEGIES 1: SKILLS FOR SUCCESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL – Grade 9

    This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Career Studies
    GPP3O LEADERSHIP AND PEER SUPPORT – Grade 11

    This course prepares and motivates students to provide leadership and assistance to others in their schools and communities. Students will develop skills in communication, interpersonal relations, coaching, leadership, teamwork, and conflict management, and apply them in roles such as tutoring, mentoring, and student council involvement. Students will also learn the value and complexity of social diversity, while acquiring an appreciation of the importance of contributing to their communities and helping others throughout their lives.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Career Studies, Grade 10
  • Humanities
    HFA4U NUTRITION AND HEALTH – Grade 12

    This course examines the relationships between food, energy balance, and nutritional status; the nutritional needs of individuals at different stages of life; and the role of nutrition in health and disease. Students will evaluate nutrition-related trends and will determine how food choices can promote food security and environmental responsibility. Students will learn about healthy eating, expand their repertoire of food-preparation techniques, and develop their social science research skills by investigating issues related to nutrition and health.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
  • Humanities
    HHS4U FAMILIES IN CANADA – Grade 12

    This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyze the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
  • Career Studies
    HIF2O Individual and Family Living – Grade 10

    This course explores the challenges faced by all people: how to meet basic needs, how to relate to others, how to manage resources, and how to become responsible members of society. Students will acquire knowledge and skills that are needed to make the transition to adulthood. Teachers will instruct students in developing interpersonal, decision-making, and practical skills related to daily life. Students will explore the functioning of families and the diversities found among families and within society.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Humanities
    HSB4U CHALLENGE AND CHANGE IN SOCIETY – Grade 12

    This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyze how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyze causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
  • Humanities
    HSP3U INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY & SOCIOLOGY – Grade 11

    This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science research, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    The Grade 10 academic course in English, or the Grade 10 academic history course (Canadian and world studies)
  • Humanities
    HZT4U PHILOSOPHY: QUESTIONS AND THEORIES – Grade 12

    This course addresses three (or more) of the main areas of philosophy: metaphysics, logic, epistemology, ethics, social and political philosophy, and aesthetics. Students will learn critical thinking skills, the main ideas expressed by philosophers from a variety of the world’s traditions, how to develop and explain their own philosophical ideas, and how to apply those ideas to contemporary social issues and personal experiences. The course will also help students refine skills used in researching and investigating topics in philosophy.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
  • Computer Studies
    ICS3U INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE – Grade 11

    This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Computer Studies
    ICS4U COMPUTER SCIENCE – Grade 12

    This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyze algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • Interdisciplinary Studies
    IDC4U SPORTS AND ENTERTAINMENT MARKETING – Grade 12

    This course will help students develop and consolidate the skills required for and knowledge of different subjects and disciplines to solve problems, make decisions, create personal meaning, and present findings beyond the scope of a single subject or discipline. Students will apply the principles and processes of inquiry and research to effectively use a range of print, electronic, and mass media resources; to analyze historical innovations and exemplary research; and to investigate real-life situations and career opportunities in interdisciplinary endeavours. They will also assess their own cognitive and affective strategies, apply general skills in both familiar and new contexts, create innovative products, and communicate new knowledge.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Completed 3U English, Grade 11 or 12 Business Course
  • Interdisciplinary Studies
    IDC4U Media – Grade 12

    This course will help students develop and consolidate the skills required for and knowledge of different subjects and disciplines to solve problems, make decisions, create personal meaning, and present findings beyond the scope of a single subject or discipline. Students will apply the principles and processes of inquiry and research to effectively use a range of print, electronic, and mass media resources; to analyze historical innovations and exemplary research; and to investigate real-life situations and career opportunities in interdisciplinary endeavours. They will also assess their own cognitive and affective strategies, apply general skills in both familiar and new contexts, create innovative products, and communicate new knowledge.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any university/college preparation course
  • Languages
    LKMDU CHINESE MANDARIN – Grade 12

    This course prepares students for university studies in Chinese. Student will enhance their ability to use the language with clarity and precision, and will develop the language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their knowledge of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through the use of community resources and computer technology.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Mathematics
    MAP4C FOUNDATIONS FOR COLLEGE MATHEMATICS – Grade 12

    This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyze data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 11, Foundations for College Mathematics, College or Grade 11 Functions and Applications, University/College
  • Mathematics
    MBF3C FOUNDATIONS FOR COLLEGE MATHEMATICS – Grade 11

    This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop
    their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied
  • Mathematics
    MCF3M FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS – Grade 11

    This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modeling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 10, Principles of Mathematics, Academic, or Grade 10, Foundations of Mathematics, Applied
  • Mathematics
    MCR3U FUNCTIONS – Grade 11

    This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 10, Principles of Mathematics, Academic
  • Mathematics
    MCV4U CALCULUS AND VECTORS – Grade 12

    This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential and sinusoidal functions; and apply theses concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 12, Advanced Functions, University
  • Mathematics
    MCV4UE, MCV4U and AP CALCULUS (AB) – Grade 12

    This course combines MCV4U (see description) with preparation for the Advanced Placement (AP) Calculus (AB) exam. Student evaluation is based on the Core Units and Evaluation scheme outlined in the description of MCV4U. The AP program is a cooperative agreement between participating secondary schools and post-secondary education institutions. AP courses permit students to undertake additional academic content and completion of AP courses may exempt students from some post-secondary courses or allow students to replace a first-year course with a second-year option. At the very least, AP courses motivate good students and enhance the quality of their current curriculum. Admission to this course is restricted to students who i) have achieved a superior grade on the Mathematics Diagnostics Test (MDT) and an English Language Placement of at least 2D or ii) have completed MDM4U or MHF4U with a mark of at least 85% or iii) receive special permission from the Mathematics Department.
    In addition to the Core Units of MCV4U, students enrolled in MCV4UE will learn: Additional AP Calculus (AB) Topics.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Mathematics
    MDM4U MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT – Grade 12

    This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 11, Functions, University, or Grade 11 Functions and Applications, University/College
  • Mathematics
    MFM2P FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS – Grade 10

    This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 9, Mathematics, Academic or Applied
  • Mathematics
    MHF4U ADVANCED FUNCTIONS – Grade 12

    This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan to study mathematics in university and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 11, Functions, University
  • Mathematics
    MPM2D PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS – Grade 10

    This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Grade 9 Mathematics, Academic
  • Mathematics
    MTH1W MATHEMATICS – Grade 9

    This course enables students to consolidate, and continue to develop, an understanding of mathematical concepts related to number sense and operations, algebra, measurement, geometry, data, probability, and financial literacy. Students will use mathematical processes, mathematical modelling, and coding to make sense of the mathematics they are learning and to apply their understanding to culturally responsive and relevant real-world situations. Students will continue to enhance their mathematical reasoning skills, including proportional reasoning, spatial reasoning, and algebraic reasoning, as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. Prerequisite: None

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • English
    OLC4O ONTARIO SECONDARY SCHOOL LITERACY COURSE – Grade 12

    This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Physical Education
    PAF2O PERSONAL FITNESS – Grade 10

    This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development, improve on interpersonal skills and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Physical Education
    PAF3O PERSONAL FITNESS – Grade 11

    This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development, improve on interpersonal skills and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Physical Education
    PPL2O HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION – Grade 10

    This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to healthy sexuality, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Physical Education
    PPL3O HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION – Grade 11

    This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practice goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, reproductive health, mental health, and personal safety.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Physical Education
    PSK4U EXERCISE SCIENCE – Grade 12

    This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sport, and the physiological, psychological, and social factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity and sport. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education and health, kinesiology, health sciences, health studies, recreation, and sports administration.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Any Grade 11 university or university/college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 open course in health and physical education
  • Science
    SBI3U BIOLOGY – Grade 11

    This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Science, Grade 10, Academic
  • Science
    SBI4U BIOLOGY – Grade 12

    This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • Science
    SCH3U CHEMISTRY – Grade 11

    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Science, Grade 10, Academic
  • Science
    SCH4U CHEMISTRY – Grade 12

    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • Science
    SNC1D SCIENCE – Grade 9

    This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
  • Science
    SNC2D SCIENCE – Grade 10

    This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
  • Science
    SPH3U PHYSICS – Grade 11

    This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyze the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Science, Grade 10, Academic
  • Science
    SPH4U PHYSICS – Grade 12

    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyze, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation
  • Science
    TDJ3M TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN: ROBOTICS – Grade 11

    This course examines how technological design is influenced by human, environmental, financial, and material requirements and resources. Students will research, design, build, and assess solutions that meet specific human needs, using working drawings and other communication methods to present their design ideas. They will develop an awareness of environmental, societal, and cultural issues related to technological design, and will explore career opportunities in the field, as well as the college and/or university program requirements for them.

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit
    Prerequisites
    This course is offered in conjunction with ICS3U COMPUTER SCIENCE
  • Social Arts
    TFJ3C HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM – Grade 11

    This course enables students to develop or expand knowledge and skills related to hospitality and tourism, as reflected in the various sectors of the tourism industry. Students will learn about preparing and presenting food, evaluating facilities, controlling inventory, and marketing and managing events and activities, and will investigate customer service principles and the cultural and economic forces that drive tourism trends. Students will develop an awareness of health and safety standards, environmental and societal issues, and career opportunities in the tourism industry

    • 110 hours
    • 1 Credit